Packaging Regulations

The government organizations and departments in China where majority of national laws and regulations and standards concerned with commodity packaging are issued, supervised and implemented are mainly the following ones.

Global Consumer Goods Forum

European Union EU 

  • The Packaging and packaging waste Directive 2004/12/EC (amending Directive 94/62/EC) http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1432287283191&uri=URISERV:l21207
  • Practical and scientific guidelines and methods for use by companies and authorities when setting up systems for compliance with the European Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive (EU/94/62) and the 6 harmonised CEN Standards (EN 13427-13432). Developed by Scandinavian companies, business associations, and institutes in a number of national projects from Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. http://www.opti-pack.org
  • Food contact materials and articles are regulated by:
    • Framework Regulation EC 1935/2004 - general requirements for all food contact materials
    • Legislation on specific materials - groups of materials and articles listed in the Framework Regulation
    • Directives on Individual Substances or groups of substances used in the manufacture of materials and articles intended for food contact
    • National legislation covering groups of materials and articles for which EU legislation is not yet in place
  • Principles for EU legislation
    • Harmonising legislation on food contact materials at EU level aims to:
      • Protect consumers' health;
      • Remove technical barriers to trade.
  • Safety and migration of food contact materials
    • Food contact materials must not transfer their components into the foods in unacceptable quantities (migration).
    • Migration limits for plastic materials:
      • Overall Migration Limit - 10mg of substances/dm² of the food contact surface for all substances that can migrate from food contact materials to foods;
      • Specific Migration Limit (SML) for individual authorised substances fixed on the basis of a toxicological evaluation.
  • SML is set according to the Acceptable Daily Intake or the Tolerable Daily Intake established by the Scientific Committee on Food.
  • The limit is set on the assumption that every day throughout lifetime, a person weighing 60kg eats 1kg of food packed in plastics containing the substance in the maximum permitted quantity.
  • http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/chemicalsafety/foodcontact/index_en.htm

The packaging-related laws, regulations and standards in China

  1. Food Hygiene Law of the People’s Republic of China
  2. Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Administration over Drugs
  3. Product Quality Law of the People’s Republic of China
  4. Environmental Protection Law of the People’s Republic of China
  5. Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Waste
  6. Import and Export Commodity Inspection Law of the People’s Republic of China
  7. Implementing Regulations of the Import and Export Commodity Inspection Law of the People’s Republic of China
  8. Quarantine Law of Entry and Exit Animals and Plants of the People’s Republic of China
  9. Implementing Regulations of Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Entry and Exit Animal and Plant Quarantine
  10. Cleaner Production Law of the People’s Republic of China
  11. Law of the People's Republic of China for Countering Unfair Competition
  12. Regulations on Assessment of Metrological Guarantee Ability of Enterprises Producing Quantitative Packaging Products
  13. Requirements of Recording the Import and Export Food Package
  14. Measures on the Hygiene Administration over the Paper for Food Package
  15. Regulations on Implementing Inspection and Supervision over the Import and Export Food Packaging Container and Packaging Materials
  16. Regulations on Administration over the Drug Package, Labels and Descriptions (Provisional)
  17. The Measures on Administration over Packaging Materials and Containers in Direct Contact with Drugs
  18. Measures on Administration over the Quarantine and Treatment of the Wood Packaging of the Exit Cargos
  19. Measures on Supervision over the Quarantine and Treatment of the Wood Package of the Entry Cargos
  20. Measures on Administration over Recycling and Utilization of the Packaging Resources (Provisional)
  21. Measures on Administration over the Production of Package and Containers of Dangerous Chemicals in Fixed Places
  22. Measures on Administration over the Control of the Pollution by the Electronic Information Products
  23. Regulations on Railway Transportation of Goods
  24. Measures on Administration over the Product Bar Code
  25. Regulations on Packaging Signs of Cigarettes Sold Inbound Released by State Tobacco Monopoly Administration
  26. Standardization Law of the People’s Republic of China
  27. Metrology Law of the People’s Republic of China
  28. Patent Law of the People’s Republic of China
  29. Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China
  30. Economic Contract Law of the People's Republic of China
  31. Regulations of the People's Republic of China on Anti-subsidy
  32. Regulations of the People's Republic of China on Anti-dumping
  33. Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on Guarantee Measures
  34. Measures on Administration over Standardization of Import Mechanical and Electrical Products
  35. Regulations on Administration over Press Industry
  36. Pricing Law of the People’s Republic of China

Packaging Related Legislative Regulation in Turkey

Packaging related legislative regulations are ministered mainly by five miniseries in Turkey.

  1. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (food and materials in contact with food)
  2. Ministry of Health (cosmetics and household & hygiene articles) http://www.saglik.gov.tr/EN
  3. Ministry of Industry and Trade (regulations regarding ready packed goods)
  4. Ministry of Environment and Forestry (packaging waste, industrial & other special wastes)
  5. Ministry of Transportation (transport of dangerous goods)

All legislative regulations related with food packaging (i.e. materials and articles in contact with food) is available in English at following link. http://www.kkgm.gov.tr/TFC/tfc.html and other respective info at sub pages.

Translation of all dedicated pages of above ministries are in progress. In case of any need for information please do not hesitate to contact our association for free information, The Packaging Manufacturers Association in Turkey: asd@ambalaj.org.tr respectively www.ambalaj.org.tr

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